COLD FUSION REACTOR
What is the E-Cat Cold Fusion Reactor
Professor Sergio Focardi:
For twenty years forward thinking scientists have been working to perfect a “Table-top Cold Fusion Device.” In November in 1998, Professor Sergio Focardi et al, published a paper denoting his success at hydrogen nickel fusion. Hydrogen is the prime substance used for every type of attempt at fusion, because of the ability of hydrogen to fuse with other elements and transmute them into another material. The discovery of excess heat came from experiments in transmutation. (Like ancient Alchemy looking to change lead into gold.) The Focardi experiment used two cells containing nickel, which ran for periods of about 300 days and produced an energy excess of 600 MJ and 900 MJ, respectively. Since that time he continued working to perfect his system, but stopped for over a year to recover from poor health.
Dr. Andrea Rossi:
Focardi was joined in his effort by Dr. Andrea Rossi, who had sought out working with the professor regarding his nickel hydrogen process. Dr. Rossi had already done exceptional work in energy. He was inspired by the creation of petroleum from pressure on organic compounds under the layers of earth. He invented a device to mimic this pressure and was successful in creating crude fuel oil from organic waste, which he then refined to higher grade bio-fuel.
It wasn’t long after meeting Rossi, that Professor Focardi was impressed with Dr. Rossi’s innovating ideas, and the two agreed to a collaboration, which led to important results. On January 14, 2011, the work culminated, in giving the worlds' first public demonstration of a nickel-hydrogen fusion reactor, capable of producing a few kilowatts of thermal energy. They generated 15,000 watts with just 400 watts input required. In a following test the same output was achieved but with only 80 watts of continual input. Although first greeted with skepticism, they continue to receive growing validation by the scientific community. They do not prefer to use the term "cold fusion" to describe the process, but refer to the process as a catalyzer or amplifier.
The hydrogen used in their process, depending on the locale where it will be used can either be bottled gas or produced from water through electrolysis. The hydrogen gas, along with (a secret additive) as catalyst is introduced to a tray of nickel powder. The entire system is heated by electricity, resistors, until the proper temperature of 400 to 500 degrees Celsius is reached, which makes the nickel more permeable. Protons from the hydrogen begin to penetrate the nickel atoms. At the increased temperature, the nucleus becomes “excited” according to Focardi. When the proton penetrates the nickel nucleus, nickel is turned into copper. The copper is also “excited,” and starts to decay, emitting the excess energy. Spent copper is left in a reduced mass which accounts for the excess energy production. Due to the presence of proprietary ingredients, there is a lot of speculation that the nickel might have gone through a special process. Speculation will continue.
One explanation is that the additional (secret) additive somehow promulgates the change from molecular hydrogen to atomic hydrogen. This may be entirely plausible, since only today, September 22nd it was reported that physicists have found tiny particles called neutrinos, which are throwing particle physics for a loop, in that, they apparently travel faster than the speed of light. So, anything is possible.
The Energy Catalyzer:
The two gentlemen using the Focardi methods perfected the ingredients and procedure working together at one of the Rossi factories for two to three years. Dr. Rossi invented the device that made it all work, which they call the Energy Catalyzer, or E-Cat. They had personally used the modular units for over two years in factories. The E-Cat was designed as a single small unit with thermal output. It did not directly heat water, but used an enclosed system which changes into steam. It is attached to a water source, for cooling the resister, and if electrolysis is used to extract the hydrogen. Electricity provides for the initial energy and to provide for the electrolysis, when used. There is no radiation expelled, nor dangerous waste. The spent material is copper, and a sprinkling of other harmless metals. A new prototype 5 kW E-Cat heater which was previously tested produced 9 kilowatts of excess output. This module will be introduced and tested along with the planned test of the larger reactor. The E-Cat module can be used as a heating system for a home or office, or by attaching a converter may produce electricity. Dr. Rossi has stated that their new model of E-cat for the public will now produce hot water for heating and not steam and will become available to everyone much sooner than expected.
The Energy Catalyzer Reactor:
Focardi and Rossi also had plans to put together a One Megawatt plant, which would be done by linking a large number of modules together. They had proposed to use 125 units for this purpose. However, the new plant is being set up now with E-cat modules that have been slightly redesigned for use in the new one megawatt system. They have a larger heat exchanger and water capacity. This module can produce a larger output of energy, up to 27 kilowatts which will only require 52 units to achieve the desired watts. The units have been made ready for shipping to the USA in a Seven meter shipping container. They were assembled in four rows along the two longer walls. There is a valve for loading hydrogen in each unit. An electrical resistance device is to 'prime' the reaction for start-up heating. The output pipes from each unit are connected to a single tube leaving the rear of the container. The left exterior side, close to the front, has a pump to add the water to be heated. One module was removed for testing prior to shipping.
The Energy reporting group NytekNik managed to view a rushed preliminary test of a new module which was fed an input of 2.6 kilowatts and successfully produced up to 7.8 kilowatts of output. They also observed the self sustained mode, which continued to produce steam without any input what-so-ever, with only a drop of 10 degrees Celsius. Everyone is waiting for the big event when the new E-Cat Reactor is unveiled for the public. Educated guesses say it will be in Florida, but we will all have to wait and see.
Cold Fusion ReactorRossi E-cat
The operating principle is as follows: First, steam is generated, the ...
Andrea Rossi Invention
It is assumed that this was in September, and Ross Defkalionin killing...
Lenr Cold Fusion
October is a month living in the history of Cold Fusion since the end ...
Buy Cold Fusion Energy
The translated statement by Defkalion to read as follows: "The price f...
By this assumption would be in a position to explain the majority of s...
Fusione Fredda - Cold Fusion Reactor
La fusione fredda (o fusione nucleare fredda o fusione a freddo - in i...
Fusión Fría - Cold Fusion Reactor
La fusión fría es considerada como el evento de fusión nuclear que ...
Kylmäfuusio - Cold Fusion Reactor
Joillekkin kylmäfuusio saattaa olla vanha uutinen. Itseasiassa kylmä...